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Population

As of January 1, 2018, the population of Baku reached 2.262.600 people.

The city of Baku consists of 12 administrative regions, which include 59 townships.  The population of the townships of Baku is 964.500 people. 

A number of factors had an influence on dynamic development and rapid change of the ethnic composition of Baku, which was a purely Turkish-Muslim city until the early 19th century. 

The statistics show that there were 7.431 Turkic-speaking Muslims living in the city. In 1859, after the earthquake in Shamakhi, the center of the province was moved to Baku and after that, the share of the population residing in city rapidly increased. 14.500 people lived in the city in 1863.

The massive exploitation of oil fields in Baku caused the rapid urban growth.

In 1897, 111.904 people lived in the city. 

In 1903, 143.786 people lived in Baku and surrounding settlements.

In 1913, 214.672 people lived in Baku. 

The Muslim population lived mainly in the historical centre covering the Icherisheher Fortress and the western part of the city, and the representatives of other nations lived mainly in the industrial zone and in the northern part of the city. The city centre was inhabited by a mixed population.

The ethnic composition of the city was significantly changed due to those who came from other regions to work in oilfields and the settlers.

According to the census of 1926, 527.200 people lived in the city. 

In 1959, 987.200 people lived in Baku.  

Baku was among the leader cities of former Union for the rapid growth of the urban population during the Soviet era until the 70s. 

In 1970, 1.265.500 people lived in Baku. In 1979, this number was 1.549.800. 

Since 1988, the ethnic composition of the city has changed. Partial change of demographic and ethnic composition of Baku was caused by Armenia's territorial claims against Azerbaijan, implementation of these claims by force of arms, as well as the acceleration of migration processes as a result of the policy of ethnic cleansing against the Azerbaijani population living in Armenia.

In 1999, 1.788.854 people lived in Baku.

According to the census of 2009, 2.045.815 people lived in Baku.

At present, different religious confessions are operating in Azerbaijan. From confessional point of view, 721 are Islamic, while 28 are non-Islamic (Christian – 17, Jewish – 8, Krishna – 1, Bahai -2). 13 churches and 7 synagogues operate in Azerbaijan as well. Baku has 3 churches belonging to the Orthodox community, 1 to the Catholic, 1 Armenian Gregorian churche, 1 Lutheran church, and 2 Jewish synagogues.
 


Territory, number of population and density of Baku city 

City and district

Territory, thsd.

sq.km

Number of population

Density of population according to 01.10.2018

   

Based on census of 2009

Indicator of 01.01.2018

 

Baku city

2,14

2045,8

2262,1

1057

Districts

       

Binagadi

0,17

238,5

264,4

1555

Garadag

1,8

107,4

123,9

115

Khazar

0,37

151,2

165,2

446

Sabail

0.03

90,2

101.5

3383

Sabunchu

0,24

220,5

243,0

1013

Surakhanı

0,12

196,6

217,9

1816

Narimanov

0,02

161.2

177,4

8870

Nasimi

0,01

208,1

220,1

22010

Nizami

0,02

177,8

198,5

9925

Pirallahı

0,03

17,5

20,3

677

Khatai

0,03

244,9

283,7

9457

Yasamal

0,02

231,9

246,7

12335

 

Population change in Baku city
(thsd. persons)

Years

Population size

Total annual increase

thsd. person

Total annual increase

%

1897

112,2

-

-

1920

312,7

-

-

1926

527,2

--

-

1939

791,2

-

-

1959

987,2

-

-

1970

1265,5

32,8

2,6

1971

1298,3

29,4

2,3

1972

1327,7

29,6

2,2

1973

1357,3

29,6

2,2

1974

1386,9

30,6

2,2

1975

1417,5

30,3

2,1

1976

1406,1

35,1

2,4

1977

1482,9

31,9

2,2

1978

1514,8

35,0

2,3

1979

1549,8

20,9

1,3

1980

1570,7

24,3

1,5

1981

1595,0

20,7

1,3

1982

1615,7

21,9

1,4

1983

1637,6

23,5

1,4

1984

1661,1

31,8

1,9

1985

1692,9

28,7

1,7

1986

1721,6

19,1

1,1

1987

1740,7

31,0

1,8

1988

1771,7

23,2

1,3

1989

1794,9

12,9

0,7

1990

1807,8

45,6

2,5

1991

1762,2

15,6

0,9

1992

1746,6

11,8

0,7

1993

1758,4

6,1

0,3

1994

1764,5

1,0

0,1

1995

1765,

5 5,5

0,3

1996

1771,0

8,0

0,5

1997

1779, 0

6,5

0,4

1998

1785,5

3,4

0,2

1999

1788,9

17,

5 1,0

2000

1806,4

20,

5 1,1

2001

1826,9

20,6

1,1

2002

1847,5

20,7

1,1

2003

1868,2

20,8

1,1

2004

1889,0

25,4

1,3

2005

1914,4

28,1

1,5

2006

1942,5

29,5

1,5

2007

1972,0

33,6

1,7

2008

2005,6

40,2

2,0

2009

2045,8

18,8

0,9

2010

2064,6

27,8

1,3

2011

2092,4

29,9

1,4

2012

2122,3

28,5

1,3

2013

2150,8

31,0

1,4

2014

2181,8

22,4

1,0

2015

2204,2

21,6

1,0

2016

2225,8

20,0

0,9

2017

2245,8

16,8

0,7

2018

2262,6

-

-

Note: More information about the population of Baku and surrounding settlements can be found at the website of the Statistics Office of Baku http://www.baku.azstat.org/index.php