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Brief chronology of key events in the history of Baku

VIII millennium B.C

Birth of the first settlements on the Absheron Peninsula

VI с. B.C.

Foundation of “Ateshi—Baguan”, the temple of fire worshippers on the Absheron Peninsula

VI с. B.C.

Construction of the Maiden Tower

the beginning of the V c. B.C.

Invasion of Azerbaijan by Huns

the mid of the VII c.-the end of the VIII c.

The rule of Khazars in Azerbaijan

the beginning

of the VIII c.

Islam becomes the dominant religion in Azerbaijan

the 60s of the IX c.

Regaining of independence by Shirvan

1027-1037

The rule of Manuchohr Shirvanshah

1078

Construction of the mosque of Mohammed (“Sinig gala”), the most ancient architectural memorial

the 70s—80s of the XI c.

Annexation of Azerbaijan by Saljuglus

1220-1222

The first march of Mongols to Azerbaijan

1231-1239

The second march of Mongols to Azerbaijan

1258

The third march of Mongols headed by Hulaku Khan. Occupation of Shirvan and Baku

1382-1417

The rule of Ibrahim Shirvanshah I

1417-1465

The rule of Khalilullah Shirvanshah I

XIV-XV c.

The construction of the complex of Shirvanshahs’ Palace in Baku

1465-1500

The rale of Farrukh Yassar Shirvanshah

1501

The rule of Bahram bey Shirvanshah

1501-1502

The rule of Sultan Mohammed Gazi Shirvanshah

1502-1524

The rule of Sheykh Ibrahim Shirvanshah II

1524-1535

The rule of Khalilullah Shirvanshah II

1538

Annexation of Shirvan by Safavids

1683

The visit of the Swedish Ambassador to Baku and E. Kempfer’s paintings of Baku

1722-1723

The Caspian march of Peter I. Occupation of the western and south-eastern coast of the Caspian Sea

1723, July 10

The occupation of Baku by the Russian squadron

the end of 40s

of the XVIII c.

The foundation of independent and semi-independent khanates in Azerbaijan

1804-1813

The Russo-Persian War

1806, October 3

The abolition of the Baku khanate

1826-1828

The Russo-Persian War

1828-1829

The Russo-Turkish War

1840, July 10

The approval of the “Principles of ruling of the Transcaucasian region” and foundation of the Baku uyezd among other administrative regions of Russia

1848

The drilling of the first oil well in the world in Baku (in Bibi Heybat)

1859, December 2

The renaming of Shamakhi province into Baku province and elevation of Baku into the rank of a provincial city

1859

The construction of the first oil refinery in Baku (in Surakhani)

The laying of the first city garden

1861

The first photos of Baku taken by A.Ulsky, captain— lieutenant of the Russian Fleet

1863

The foundation of the first kerosene plant in the world

1868, February 6

The opening of telegraph line between Baku and Tbilisi

1872

The abolition of the farming system for “Oil Lands” in Russia

1873

The foundation of the national theater of Azerbaijan

1874

The opening of the realni school in Baku

The foundation of the oil school in Baku

1879

The foundation of the oil production company “Nobel Brothers”

1883, May

The completion of the construction of the Baku - Tbilisi Transcaucasusian Railway

1885

The foundation of the Rotshild Oil-industry and commercial company in the Caspian-Black Sea region

1892

The first public transport – (horse-driven tramway) in Baku

1894, August

The foundation of the first library and reading room in Azerbaijan by N. Narimanov

1894

The exploitation of the first water distiller in Baku

1896

The foundation of the first women’s college in the East by H.Z. Tagiyev in Baku

The foundation of the commercial college in Baku

1897-1901

The construction of the textile factory by H.Z. Tagiyev in Baku

1897-1907

The construction of the Baku-Batumi oil pipeline

1898

The foundation of the “Russian Oil” company in Baku

The elaboration of the first professional platform the development of Baku by the civil engineer Von der None

1905, March

The foundation of the “Nijat” Education Association

1906, August

The first Congress of Teachers of Azerbaijan

1906, October

The foundation of the “Union of the Workers of Oil Industry” in Baku

1908, October 12

The staging of the first opera in the East- “Leyli and Majnun” by U. Hajibeyov

1911

The foundation of the political party “Musavat”

The construction of the first branch of the Baku water- supply system

The construction of the first cement producing plant in Baku

1912, January 20

The approval of the Law “On the cease of the temporary- obligatory and dependent relations of peasants to the landlords in the Transcaucasia (including Baku province) by the way of redemption of their lands into their property under the assistance of the government” by the Russian Duma

1916

The creation of the first feature film “In the kingdom of oil and millions”

1917, February 27

The victory of the February Bourgeois Democratic Revolution in Russia, overthrow of the Russian Autocracy

1917, March 6

The foundation of the Baku Council of Deputies of Labourers

1918, February 23

The foundation of the Transcaucasia Seim

1918, March 29-31

The anti-Azerbaijani massacres  in Baku by the Armenian-Bolshevik military forces

1918, April 25

The foundation of the Baku Council of People’s Commissars

1918, May 26

The dissolution of the Transcaucasian Seim

1918, June 2

The decree of the Baku Council of People’s Commissars on the nationalization of the oil industry

1918, July 31

The overthrow of the Soviet power in Baku

1918, August 1

The arrival of the contingent of British troops in Baku

1918, August 12

The order of V. Lenin on immediate sending of the Russian troops to Baku

1918, September 15

The arrival of the regular Turkish troops in Baku

1919, August 25

The departure of the British Army from Baku

1920, April 27

The establishment of the Temporary Revolutionary Committee of Azerbaijan. The arrival of the Red Army in Baku

1920, April 28

The establishment of the Soviet power in Azerbaijan and foundation of the Azerbaijan SSR

1922, March 12

The establishment of the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic and with Azerbaijan in it

1923

The laying of a hotbed for planting trees and gardens in the city

1923, April

The foundation of the first off - shore oil field in the world “the Bay of Ilych” in the place of the artificial harbor

1923, November 2

The foundation of the Association of Exploration and Research of Azerbaijan

1924-1937

The elaboration of variants of the general plan of development of Baku

1924, February 8

The first tramway line in Baku

1926, July 6

The first electric railway between Baku and the Balakhani-Sabunchu area

1932 , September

The foundation of the Azerbaijan branch of the section of the Transcaucasia Academy of Sciences of the USSR

1935, October

The reorganization of the Transcaucasian branch into the Azerbaijan branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR

1936

The approval by the Soviet of People’s Commissars of the USSR and the Central Committee of the All-Russian Communist Party of Bolsheviks of the Decree “On the improvement of the construction work and reduction of costs of construction”

1936, March 4

The opening of the First Congress of Architects of Azerbaijan in Baku

1941, July 22

The beginning of the aggression of the German troops against the USSR, beginning of the Great Patriotic War

1942, June 25-October 9

The Battle for the Caucasus

1945, March 23

The transformation of the Azerbaijan branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR into the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR

1945, May 9

The Day of the Victory over the fascist Germany

1946, January 5

The decree of the Soviet of People’s Commissars of the USSR “On Measures for the Improvement of the Urban Economy of Baku”

1949, November

The first well drilled in the area of the ‘Oil Rocks” offshore deposit

1950, November 1

The opening of the Azerbaijan Polytechnic Institute in Baku

1952-1954

The elaboration of the General Plan of Development of Baku for the period till 1976 by a group of architects from the State Projecting Institute

1960

The construction of the first house-building plant in Baku

1960, November 5

The starting up of the first energetic unit of open type in the USSR in HES “North” in Baku

1967

The opening of the first line of Baku Metro

1969, July 12

The plenary session of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, election of Heydar Aliyev to the post of the First Secretary of the Central Committee of Communist Party of Azerbaijan

1971, March 28

The celebration of the production of a billion ton of oil from beginning of industrial oil developments in Azerbaijan

1975, December 25

The starting up of the Air Conditioners Plant in Baku

1976, March 5

The election of Heydar Aliyev to the post of the candidate member of the Political Bureau of the CC CPSU at the plenary session of the Central Committee of the USSR Communist Party

1977, November 24

The awarding of Baku with Order of Lenin by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR

1979, August 24

The awarding of Heydar Aliyev with the title of the Hero of the Socialistic Labor by the Decree of the Presidium of Supreme Soviet of the USSR

1980, April 16

The awading of Baku with the Red Banner of the CC of CPSU, the All-Soviet Labor Unions Organization and Komsomol Organization for its victory in All-Union Socialist Competition of 1979

1982

The development of the General Plan of the Economic and Social Development of Baku for the period till 2000

1988, November 17 - December 4

The mass meetings in Baku connected with the conflict in Garabag

1990, January 19-20

The occupation of Baku by the Soviet troops and the January massacre

1991, October 18

The declaration of the independence of Azerbaijan

1992, May 14 -15

The rule of the Popular Front in Azerbaijan

1993, June 4

“Ganja events”, the threat of civil war

1994, October 3

The nationwide election of H. A. Aliyev as the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan

1995, November 12

The adoption of the first Constitution

1997, October 19

The beginning of the exploitation of the Baku-Novorossiysk oil pipeline by the Azerbaijan International Oil Company (A1OC)

1997, November 12

The production of the first oil on the off shore platform “Chirag” by the

AIOC

1998, December 29

Decree No 50 of the President of Azerbaijan Republic on granting national park status to the Seaside Boulevard

2003, February 17

Decree No 1125 of the President of Azerbaijan Republic on some measures related to protection and restoration of the State Historical-Architectural Reserve “Icherisheher”

2005 February 10

Decree No 629 of the President of Azerbaijan Republic on establishment of the State Historical-Architectural Reserve “Icherisheher” under the Cabinet of Ministers of Azerbaijan Republic

2006, August 18

Decree No 1633 of the President of Azerbaijan Republic on protection and restoration of historical and architectural monuments in the capital of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Baku

2007, December 19

Decree No 2564 of the President of Azerbaijan Republic on declaration of Ateshgah Temple area the State Historical-Architectural Reserve in Surakhani district of Baku city

2008, January 10

Decree No 699 of the President of Azerbaijan Republic on the establishment of the Seaside Boulevard Office under the Cabinet of Ministers

2009, December 16

Decree of the President of Azerbaijan Republic on the measures related to the State Historical-Architectural Reserve “Icherisheher”

2010, February 10

The adding of the State Historical-Architectural Reserve Museum “Shirvanshahs Palace Complex” to the structure of the Administration of the State Historical-Architectural Reserve “Icherisheher” under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan

2010, March 12

The opening of the Baku Business Center

2010, March 16

The opening of a dry-cargo port station in Baku bay

2010, April 26

A summit of world religious leaders in Baku

2010, May 17

The inaguration of a monument to the founder of the Turkish Republic Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in Baku

2010, September 1

The opening of the National Flag Square in Baku

2010, November 9

The opening of the Flag Museum in Baku

2011, December 24

A ceremony of laying a foundation stone of the Baku White City

2011, December 26

The inauguration of an open-air museum in the Gobustan State Historical-Artistic Reserve

2011, December 29

The opening of the Intellectual Transport Management Center in Baku

2012, February 21

The opening ceremony of the monument to national hero Koroglu in Nasimi district of Baku

2012, May 7

The opening of the Baku Crystal Hall which has 25,000-seat audience

2012, May 10

The opening of the Heydar Aliyev Center

2012, May 26

The Eurovision Song Contest’s final in Baku

2012, June 29

The official opening of Crans Montana Forum in Baku

2013, April 8

The World Economic Forum (Davos forum) on the Strategic Dialogue on the Future of the South Caucasus and Central Asia in Baku

2013, May 7

The first South Caucasus Forum in Baku

2013, May 30

The opening of the 2nd World Forum on Intercultural Dialogue in Baku

2013, December 13

The opening ceremony of the Kitabi Dede Gorgud monument and Dede Gorgud Park

2014, February 3

A monumentto the prominent composer Gara Garayev in Baku

2014, April 16

The Opening of the National Gymnastics Arena in Baku

2014, April 28

The official opening of the 2nd Global Shared Societies Forum in Baku

2014, October 2

The 4th Baku International Humanitarian Forum

2014, December 26

The opening of the Heydar mosque in Baku

2015, May 18

The 3rd World Forum on Intercultural Dialogue in Baku

2015, June 1

The opening of BakuWhite City Boulevard

2015, June 8

The opening of the Bayil boulevard

2015, June 12-28

The Baku 2015 European Games

2016, September 1-13

The 42nd Chess Olympiad in Baku

2016, September 29-30

The 6th Baku International Humanitarian Forum

2016, December 24

The opening of Marionette Theatre in Icherisheher

2017, February 2

The unveiling of a monument to the prominent conductor of Azerbaijan, maestro Niyazi

2017, March 16

The 5th Global Baku Forum on “Future of international relations: Power and interests”

2017, May 5

The 4th World Forum on Intercultural Dialogue on “Advancing Intercultural Dialogue – New avenues for human security, peace and sustainable development” in Baku

2017, May 12-22

The 4th Islamic Solidarity Games in Baku

2017, October 30

A solemn opening ceremony of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway at Baku International Sea Trade Port

2017, November 8

A solemn ceremony to celebrate two billion tons of oil production in Azerbaijan

2017, December 21

An international conference on “2017 - Islamic Solidarity: Religions and Intercultural Dialogue” in Baku

2018, March 15-16

The 6th Global Baku Forum on “Bridging Gaps to Create Inclusive Societies”

2018, May 28

An official reception on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic at the Heydar Aliyev Center in Baku.

2018, May 29

The official opening ceremony of the Southern Gas Corridor in Sangachal terminal

2018, June 26

A military parade on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan in the Azadlig (Liberty) Square in Baku

2018, September 15

A solemn parade to mark the 100th anniversary of the liberation of Baku from Bolshevik-Dashnak occupation

2019, March 14-16 The VII Global Baku Forum on the theme “New foreign policy of the world” was held
2019, May 2-3 Baku hosted the V World Forum on Intercultural Dialogue under the motto "Building a dialogue to fight against discrimination, inequality and violent conflict"